An analysis of the use of psychology in fairy tales

Mind Influence Character Throughline Lisa is dogged in her position that love will find a way to overcome their differences in lifestyle. She seems determined to wear the trousers in her relationship with Jeff—not realizing that this may scare him off.

An analysis of the use of psychology in fairy tales


Received May 30; Accepted Nov This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Background Oral narrative strategies have rarely been applied in the positive psychology domain.

Traditional folk and fairy tales are concerned with several concepts that are now scientifically investigated by research on positive psychology, such as resilience, self-realization, personal growth and meaning in life.

Methods A group intervention consisting of 7 sessions was delivered to 21 women who reported adjustment disorder. The group was conducted by a folklorist and a clinical psychologist. Each session consisted of an introduction to a number of themes recurring in fairy tales as well as references to the social uses of narratives, followed by a discussion with the participants.

In two concluding workshops, participants were asked to work as a group to write their own original fairy tale. Assessment pre- and post-intervention was performed with the Ryff Psychological Well-being Scale, the Kellner Symptom Questionnaire and 2 subscales of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory Appreciation of Life and personal strengths.

Results Participants reported increased personal growth, self-acceptance, and an enhanced sense of appreciation of life and personal strengths, together with decreased levels of anxiety. Conclusions This pilot investigation suggests the feasibility and positive effect of a group intervention based on narrative strategies for promoting well-being and growth in stressed women.

Considering its promising results, clinical implications and possible further applications are discussed. Narrative, Psychotherapy, Personal growth, Psychological well-being, Traditional fairy tales Background The use of narrative strategies in clinical psychology and psychotherapy has a long tradition Holmes Following Jung and his theories on archetypes and myths, Jungian psychoanalysts have applied his concepts in the treatment of various emotional disorders Kast In the wake of this tradition, many contemporary authors underline the clinical value of employing myths and metaphors in the process of psychotherapy Dieckmann This method calls for a holistic approach to patients that encompasses not just their illness, but also their biography, personal narration and cognitive interpretation of their illness Charon b.

Similarly, White and Epston observed that individual narratives associated with psychological distress were characterized by thin and impoverished stories. Such methods have often been used to evaluate treatment outcomes Goncalves et al.

This narrative approach has been widely used and proved to be effective in treating mood and anxiety disorders. In line with this approach, the life-review intervention, mainly used with elderly populations Broadheadmay also be considered a specific application of narrative strategies in psychological interventions.

In this case, individuals are asked to use journals where they record their life, describing its most salient events Broadhead ; Pennebaker These techniques have recently been used for treating patients with dementia or other degenerative illnesses.

On the contrary, general reminiscence materials yielded no such benefits. Alternatively, narrative strategies have been used with children and adolescents Lubetsky ; Bennett ; Burns In this case, specific stories were used to help children overcome particular instances of fear, abuse, trauma, or other negative events such as death of a family member, diagnosis of severe or chronic illnesses, etc.The Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales (Penguin Psychology) by Bruno Bettelheim (Apr) Paperback [Bruno Bettelheim] on .

An analysis of the use of psychology in fairy tales

Of the various types of mythological literature, fairy tales are the simplest and purest expressions of the collective unconscious and thus offer the clearest understanding . FAIRY TALES, ARCHTYPES, AND SELF-AWARENESS 4 therapy. Finally, the need for further research into the combined use of fairy tales and art therapy in conjunction with Adlerian techniques will be addressed.

The aim of this pilot study was to apply a new narrative approach based on fairy tales (Märchen, tales of magic, rise tales) told, discussed, and written in a group context for the purpose of promoting psychological well-being and growth. Start studying Psychology Exam 1 study.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Who doesn't love a nice compliment? But, in the fable 'The Fox and the Crow,' flattery ends in trickery and defeat. Complete this lesson to learn.

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